Before we consider the rationale for installing porcelain ceramics, it is necessary to first answer the question, "What is porcelain ceramic?" We covered this in full in this article from Palermo Magazine, but in order to start the topic quickly, here we will explain porcelain ceramics very briefly and go to the installed ceramics and its types.
Porcelain ceramic is the latest and newest product of the tile family, which is everywhere without any restrictions, including: residential areas, complexes, villas, bathrooms and toilets, toilets, stairs and counters, exterior and interior facades, production halls, Warehouses, schools, airports, restaurants and coffee shops, hotels, etc. are used. Porcelain ceramic is made of very special clay with fine-grained sand and feldspar.
This material is baked in conditions such as high temperature and pressure and then becomes uniform, dense and white in color, which increases its weight and installation requires professional specialists. This is exactly why it has a higher price in the market than other products. Porcelain ceramics are available in the market in 2 types of glazed or polished and glossy and without glaze or matte, each of these two models are used according to their specific space.
Why porcelain ceramics?
Ceramic preparation conditions have reduced its water absorption rate to less than 0.5%, which has allowed it to be used in very humid areas with cold and frost. This model of cooking and preparation has increased the flexural strength of ceramics even 2 to 3 times compared to granite stones, which in some cases are even referred to as artificial stone. Its resistance to abrasion and scratches, fire and sudden heat changes is very high and is generally harder and thicker than other types of ceramic tiles. This makes it longer and can be used in places with high traffic. It will not change color in the face of prolonged sunlight.
Also, since it has a low penetration rate of chemicals, the use of any detergent on it is unobstructed, and because porcelain tiles have less porosity than other ceramics, it is more resistant to staining, which is why this feature makes it very easy to maintain and clean. Convenient and in crowded places such as hospitals.
In summary, the advantages of porcelain can be described as follows:
- Water absorption less than 0.5%
- Variety of use in different climatic regions from very humid and cold and frosty to hot and humid
- High flexural strength of ceramics compared to building stone and even granite
- Resistance to abrasion and scratches, fire and sudden changes in heat and even acid
- Production of product in large and small dimensions and slabs that distinguish it from other products in the market.
- Easy and convenient washing compared to different types of stones and similar products
- High and unique color variation
Porcelain ceramic installation method
Porcelain ceramic installation can be done in two forms: dry or scoop and wet or glue. Of course, the traditional type is also used, but why do we not approve of it? First of all, these days the use and use of glue is much more than traditional mortars, and it is not like in the past, and almost many installers have coped with it. Also, many activists in the construction industry have tried the adhesive and got better results from it, and in the long run, it has passed its tests well. Low thickness, less dirt and debris, no need for demolition under work, increased installation and operation speed, high adhesion, good flexibility, resistance to permeability and moisture are the characteristics of using adhesive in ceramic installation. It is also important to note that the amount of adhesive used is calculated according to the wet or dry area, the materials of the installation site (mortar) and the desired area.
Types of ceramic and tile adhesives
Types of ceramic and tile adhesives are divided into the following types.
Dough adhesive: Dough adhesive is used to install ceramic tiles.
Powder adhesive: It is used as a supplement in powder adhesive in tile installation.
Concrete adhesive: It is used as the main adhesive material.
Step by step with ceramic installation
- How to use glue: In the method of using glue, for every 1 square meter of ceramic, on average, and according to a basic substructure, we need 7 to 8 kg of powder glue and for every 20 square meters of ceramic, we need 8 to 9 liters of gallon concrete glue. The floor of the substructure must be completely clean and free of any oil and dirt. For more strength, the trowel should be in a corrugated manner and preferably in one direction, because the wavy and torsional shapes cause the surface to be heterogeneous and the materials not to be evenly distributed. The thickness of the glue reaches 1 cm.
- About binding powder: The amount of this powder used depends on the size of the ceramics. The smaller the ceramic, the more fasteners and the more powder is used, and vice versa. Since Palermo ceramics have a rectifying (seamless) property, they do not need to use powder coating. But still, according to the standard specified in Neufert, at a distance of 2 mm from the straps, the strapping is done. Powders are available in colored pencil ranges as needed in the desired colors.
How much powder and concrete adhesive do we need to install ceramics?
- Powder adhesives recommended by our implementation team: Vupo Vupo in bags (white-black) and Vupo Plus in Vupo Plus bags (black-gold) and because they are waterproof and heat insulating, when running in environments Wet does not cause any problems for the user.
- Strapping powder bags are 5 kg and adhesive bags are 25 kg. On average, between 20 and 30 meters, a 5 kg bag of powder is mixed with a very small amount of water and used. Our proposed powders are completely antibacterial and the absorption of water, oil and other contaminants in them is very low and its color will remain the same.
Why is the cost of glue higher than mortar?
For installation with glue, we need a suitable substructure (the work surface must be cemented and completely smooth), which causes high costs. In the traditional method of using mortar, this material acts as an adhesive and the substructure is done with it, which reduces the cost for the customer by half, but this method is not recommended not only for porcelain ceramics but also for tiles, and in principle No and the installation team can not accept any responsibility.
Why not use mortar instead of glue at a lower cost?
It has been seen in many cases that after the traditional application, ceramics and tiles are blown or destroyed or over-dried, causing the destruction of the product and material in a short period of time. Since the base of the mortar is sand, cement and water, and we use porcelain ceramics with a water absorption of less than 0.5%, the mortar only acts as a filler behind the ceramic and does not stick, and after a short time the ceramic It loosens and dislodges.
Dry ceramic installation by scoop
Another method of installing ceramics is the dry method (scope). One of the scoop methods is its different shapes, including installation in the form of a butterfly. They make a groove in the back of the ceramic with a milling stone at an angle of about 45 degrees or flat, and then insert the scope into the grooves, which causes the ceramic to stick to the mortar behind it, which prevents it from falling and Fall ceramic. This method of installation does not require glue.